BETTELHEIM, BRUNO (1903–1990), U.S. psychologist and educator, best known for his pioneering techniques in the treatment of emotionally disturbed children and his analysis of the psychological aspects of racial prejudice. Born in Vienna, Bettelheim studied at the university there. In 1938 he was sent to the Dachau concentration camp and then to Buchenwald. In 1939 he was released and permitted to leave for the United States. In 1943 he published a highly influential essay on the psychology of concentration camp prisoners. Bettelheim worked with the Progressive Education Association and, for a short period, with Rockford College in Illinois. He was subsequently appointed principal of the University of Chicago's Sonia Shankman Orthogenic School, a residential institution devoted to the education and treatment of children with severe emotional disorders. In that capacity, he placed special emphasis on the treatment of autism. From 1944 to 1973 he was professor of educational psychology at the University of Chicago. In a number of essays and reviews and in a volume entitled The Informed Heart (1960), Bettelheim, basing himself on limited documentation, appears as a stern judge of the Jewish masses who did not revolt against the Nazi terror. Bettelheim wrote prolifically on the diagnosis and therapy of emotionally disturbed children. He wrote Dynamics of Prejudice (1950) in collaboration with Morris Janowitz, which was regarded as a vital work in its field. His other major publications included Love Is Not Enough (1950); Truants from Life (1955); The Empty Fortress (1967); The Children of the Dream (1969), an analysis of the rearing of kibbutz children; and The Uses of Enchantment (1976), which looks at fairy tales from a Freudian perspective. Suffering from depression most of his life, Bettelheim committed suicide in 1990 at the age of 86. During his lifetime Bettelheim was well respected for his work. However, after his death his credibility began to be questioned. Not formally trained in analysis, Bettelheim and his theories, as well as his biographical data, were challenged in journalist Richard Pollak's controversial book The Creation of Dr. B: A Biography of Bruno Bettelheim (1998). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. Robinson, in: Yad Vashem Studies, 8 (1970); M.J. Blumenthal, in: Conservative Judaism (Spring 1970), 16–19; D.   Dempsey, in: New York Times Magazine (Jan. 11, 1970), 22–23, 107–11; N. Sutton, Bruno Bettelheim: The Other Side of Madness (1995); N. Sutton, Bettelheim: A Life and a Legacy (1996); R. Pollak, The Creation of Dr. B: A Biography of Bruno Bettelheim (1998). (Abraham J. Tannenbaum / Ruth Beloff (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Bettelheim, Bruno — born Aug. 28, 1903, Vienna, Austria died March 13, 1990, Silver Spring, Md., U.S. Austrian U.S. psychologist. Trained in Vienna, he was arrested by the Nazis and interned in concentration camps (1938–39). He immigrated to the U.S., where from… …   Universalium

  • Bettelheim, Bruno — (1903–90)    American psychologist. Bettelheim was born in Vienna and educated at the University of Vienna. After being imprisoned by the Nazis in Dachau and Buchenwald, he emigrated to the United States where he settled in Chicago.    His… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Bettelheim,Bruno — Bet·tel·heim (bĕtʹl hīm ), Bruno. 1903 1990. Austrian born American psychologist noted for his studies of children and education. His works include Love Is Not Enough (1950) and The Uses of Enchantment (1976). * * * …   Universalium

  • Bettelheim, Bruno — (1903 90)    American psychologist and educator. He was born in Vienna. In 1938 he was transported to the Dachau concentration camp and then to Buchenwald. In 1939 he was released and settled in the US. He was principal of the University of… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Bettelheim, Bruno — (28 ago. 1903, Viena, Austria–13 mar. 1990, Silver Spring, Md., EE.UU.). Psicólogo estadounidense de origen austríaco. Formado en Viena, fue arrestado por los nazis y enviado a los campos de concentración (1938–39). Emigró a EE.UU., donde a… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bettelheim, Bruno —  (1903–1990) Austrian born American child psychologist …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Bruno Bettelheim — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bruno Bettelheim (n. 28 de agosto de 1903, en Viena, Austria † 13 de marzo de 1990, en Chicago, Estados Unidos) fue un escritor y psicólogo infantil austriaco. Contenido 1 Biografía …   Wikipedia Español

  • BETTELHEIM (B.) — BETTELHEIM BRUNO (1903 1990) Psychanalyste américain d’origine autrichienne, Bruno Bettelheim fit des études de psychologie et de psychiatrie à l’université de Vienne, sa ville natale. Il acquit ensuite une solide formation psychanalytique.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bettelheim — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bettelheim: Bruno Bettelheim Charles Bettelheim Obtenido de Bettelheim Categoría: Wikipedia:Desambiguación …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bettelheim — (Bruno) (1903 1990) psychanalyste américain d orig. autrichienne: la Forteresse vide (1967), sur l autisme …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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